This site uses cookies.

What Is a Diffuse Axonal Brain Injury And Why Is It Important to Get Early Rehabilitation - Alix Walker, Burnetts Solicitors

05/08/17. The brain is a relatively small part of the human body, measuring the size of about two adult fists together and weighing only 3lbs. Made up of around 75% water it consists of 60% white matter (the network needed to send signals) and 40% grey matter (neurons that send the signals).

Whilst there are no pain receptors in the brain, it has the capacity to affect sleep, memory, emotions, concentration, and intelligence as well as how we function on a day-to-day basis. It controls our ability to walk, talk, smell, taste and even breathe.

A diffuse axonal injury to the brain is caused as a result of the brain moving back and forth in the skull, rather than from a direct impact to the head, because of an acceleration or deceleration movement, where the brain is pushed against the frontal lobe and back, which results in the brain effectively rattling around inside the head, causing axons (which transmits information to the neurons) to be torn and disrupted. This can result in the death of brain cells, leading to swelling and decreased blood flow to the brain...

Image: public domain

Read more (PIBULJ subscribers only)...